Common injury types, symptoms and treatment

Symptoms: Intense pain, restricted mobility, swelling and bruising around injury joint develops quickly

Symptoms: Sharp, sudden pain in the injury region, loss of power, tender muscle

1. Follow DRSABCD Action Plan

D – DANGER – Ensure the area is safe for yourself, others and the patient
R – RESPONSE – Check for response by asking the patient their name and squeezing their shoulder.  If response…make comfortable and check responses.  If no response…
S – SEND FOR HELP – Call triple zero (000) for an ambulance or ask another person to make the call
A – AIRWAYS – Open mouth.  If foreign material is present then place the patient in the recovery position and clear the airways with your fingers
B – BREATHING – Check for breathing by looking, listening and feeling.  If breathing is normal then place the patient in the recovery position and monitor their breathing.  If the patient’s breathing is not normal then start CPR
C – CPR – Start CPR – 30 chest compressions:2 breaths.  Continue CPR until help arrives or the patient recovers
D – DEFIBRILLATION – Apply defibrillator if available and follow voice prompts


2. Follow the RICE management plan

R – REST the patient and the injured part
I – ICEPACKS (Cold Compress) wrapped in a wet cloth may be applied to the injury for 15 minutes , every 2 hours for 24 hours, then 15 minutes every 4 hours for 24 hours
C – COMPRESSION – Apply elastic bandage firmly to extend well beyond the injury
E – ELEVATE the injured part


3. Seek medical aid


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© St John Ambulance Australia. St John first aid protocols are for the Australian market only. All care has been taken in preparing the information but St John takes no responsibility for its use by other parties(like guangzhou massage) or individuals. St John encourages first aid training as this information is NOT a substitute for first aid training. The information is for use over a 12 month period only (to ensure you are up-to-date with first aid changes). For more information on St John first aid training and kits visit or call 1300 360 455.